The color of surgical gowns is mostly light blue or light green. The inside of the surgical gown that touches the doctor's body is regarded as a clean area, and the outside of the surgical gown that touches blood, body fluids and patients is regarded as a polluted area. Surgical gowns must completely isolate the polluted environment from the clean environment, so they are tightly wrapped.
V-neck short-sleeved short style, the official name is called scrub suits. It is the work clothes used by the operating room staff in the clean environment of the operating room, whether it is a doctor, a nurse or an anesthetist. Once in the operating room, this coverall must be requested to be changed. The purpose of the short sleeve design is to facilitate the cleaning of the hands, forearm and upper third of the upper arm by the personnel involved in the procedure.
After the surgical personnel wash their hands, the nurse assists them to put on the surgical gown.
Some hospitals like to use colors to distinguish different staff. For example, in Japan, anesthesiologists usually wear dark red hand washing clothes. Domestic hospitals prefer green.
There is also a kind of clothing in the operating room, called a visitor gown, which is worn by external personnel when entering the operating room.
Except for the operating room and some specific departments, the work clothes of the rest of the nurses are what people often call white dresses. The styles and colors of each hospital are not all the same, but it is basically the same all over the world, which is often called "nurse's uniform" In addition, summer clothes will be replaced with short-sleeved styles.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the combination of nurse uniforms and surgical gowns appeared in China. Later, with the progress of society, the color and style of nurse uniforms have also been continuously improved. Because nurses' uniforms are traditionally red, and our country's social customs do not favor white, red is taboo for Chinese people. Therefore, the selection of colors has become the main problem in the initial nurses' uniforms. So the female nurses changed to pink dresses, and the male nursing students wore blue gowns. Braids were still in fashion at that time, and a red-headed rope was tied on the tip of the female nurse's hair, which looked very novel. The custom in most parts of China is to wear white on the head as mourning clothes. Therefore, there were many disagreements on the wearing of nurse caps and it was difficult to unify at that time.
After the 1920s, with the breaking of some stereotypes, nurses' caps were endowed with noble meanings. For example, nurses' caps symbolize the noble profession of nurses, implying health and happiness. Later, the wearing of nurses' caps became a routine, and only formal nurses can Only by wearing a nurse cap can you be qualified to do nursing work for patients. However, male nurses have no special requirements for wearing nurse caps. At that time, the clothing of nursing schools in various parts of our country could not be unified due to differences in customs and climate. However, the design of nurses' clothing styles is mainly solemn and serious, because there are still many people who do not understand the nurse profession in China. If the dress is weird and funny, it will definitely cause public discussion and contempt. so. Nurses' clothing should not only reflect beauty, elegance, cleanliness, and fit, but also show the important status of nurses and their calm and peaceful temperament. At that time, the difference between hospital nurses and nursing students' clothing was the same style and different colors. Blue for nursing students and white for graduated nurses. When nurses dress, their shoes, socks, and trousers are required to be all white or black in color, and it is stipulated that nurses are not allowed to wear jewelry except for special pins from the Chinese Nurses Association.
In 1923, the uniforms of the nurses of Xiehe Nursing School were changed to light blue shirts and white skirts, and a square nurse hat was worn on the top of the head. Many young women wash their hands in surgical gowns when they apply clinically to join the nurse profession. In 1926, during the Eighth National Nurses Congress, the delegates discussed and agreed that both male and female nurses should wear nurse caps and aprons. For a time, the uniforms of nurses in various hospitals in Beijing were: short white coats, long vests (called vests in the south) for nurses. The long vests of nursing students were blue, and the nurses' uniforms were white. This kind of nurse's clothing is easy to make and wash, but the cuffs of the nurse's clothing are too large, which is very inconvenient for work, and even takes the medicine bottle off the medicine rack, which is especially convenient for surgical operations.